WHAT IS KILIM
UNIQUELY DESIGNED AND HANDWOVEN FROM BERBER WOMEN
What is the Kilim ?
History of Kilim
The Kilim is a tapestry woven carpet produced in countries of the former Ottoman empire, Iran, Azerbaijan.
The term “ Kilim” originates from the Persian Gelim where it means “ to spread roughly”.
Kilim have been produced since ancient times. Kilims are produced by tightly interweaving the warp and welt strands of the weave to produce a flat surface with no pile.
Every motifs has signification, some stylized female figure, motherhood and fertility. Other motifs express the tribal weavers desires for protection of their families’ flocks from wolves with the wolf’s mouth or the wolf’s foot motif.
Kilim are used originally for interior design, rug on the mosques. Now a days, we can use it on the floor, on the walls or above a couch … and also a beautiful ingredient for bags and accessories.
Carpets (so-called kilims) are part of the Berber life.
In Morocco, they are called "Hembel" or "handira". For a nomad, the carpets are, after the tent fabric woven dromedary wool, a piece of furniture. They cover the floor, where they can be stacked in several layers, in winter, they are hung on the walls to protect the cold tiles, they are used as bedspread, or stoles. Other times each family owned a loom. Young women were preparing their wedding trousseau. Today most of the manufacturing is done by cooperatives or workshops, as in Tazenakht, but in rural areas, or among nomads, women still weave carpets even if this know-how is transmitted less and less because of urbanization.
Kilim is the ancestral vestige of a way of life, a culture that deserves to be perpetuated. The approach we undertake through our brand is essentially countered on this observation. Perpetuate the craft traditions and allow these talents to be known and valued!
What is it made of, how is it made?
Kilims can be cotton or goat hair. The weft is visible and constitutes velvet. The kilims are therefore only made of warp and weft yarn. Two threads form the weft: the first is used for the decoration of the carpet and the second is intended to consolidate the carpet. The decorative thread is wrapped in the chain stitch around two warp threads. The design of the kilim, by its method of manufacture, is more rudimentary than on knotted carpets. Although made without velvet, the kilim is very resistant because of the double weft that gives a tight weave.
SECRET OF KILIM CONFECTION
The rug’s combination of minimalism and handmade detail, their subdued restraint and bold inventiveness, were first heralded in the West by the mid-century modernists. In the 1930s designers and architects such as Le Corbusier, Charles and Ray Eames and Alvar Alto, started incorporating the plush, soft rugs in their interiors as a counterbalance to the austerity of their sleekly designed furniture. Frank Lloyd Wright was even known to travel to Morocco to bring back carpets for his clients, and his house at Falling Water features black and white Beni Ourain carpets in almost every room.
In Morocco every carpet tells a tale.
Moroccan rugs UNIVERS
"The history of Moroccan rugs dates as far back as the Paleolithic Era. Traditionally they were woven by the Berber tribes for their utility, reflecting Morocco’s distinctive climate. The snow-capped, windswept elevations of the Atlas Mountains gave rise to thick, heavy-pile sleeping mats and bed coverings, and the brutal heat of the Sahara inspired light flat-weave shawls. The tribe’s semi-nomadic existence also influenced the size of the pieces as the looms and carpets had to be transportable, meaning there could be no weavings over about 7 feet." by Projectbly